This wooden pillow is from the Joseon (Choson or Yi) Dynasty, 1392–1910. Wooden pillow is (목침 - 木枕) in Korean. Sleeping on wooden pillows has been a tradition in Korea for many centuries. One of the first historical stories mentioning it was during the reign of Joseon's King Injo (1595-1649, r. 1623-1649). The Main Buddha Hall (Korean National Treasure No. 291) was rebuilt at that time without using any iron nails.
This wooden pillow is also constructed without using any iron nails. It is completely built using only wooden pegs. See the image below. An interesting story has been passed down about the Main Buddha Hall.
Here are three views of the pillow. The one on the right shows a closeup of an age crack in the pillow. You can see many bruises to the pillow because this is a genuine antique pillow, used for decades, not a modern replica sold in a souvenir shop.
below are three examples of similar wooden pillows to show you the simple functional designs used in their construction. Note: the 3 pillows below are not part of this sale but are included only for informational purposes. You will see them in various museums around the world.